Jobless rate hits record low, economy adds 72,500 jobs in March: StatCan

OTTAWA –

Statistics Canada says the unemployment rate in March fell to its lowest rate on record, falling to 5.3 per cent from 5.5 per cent a month earlier as the economy added 72,500 jobs.

That’s the lowest jobless rate over comparable data going back to 1976, the agency said.

Statistics Canada also says the unemployment rate would have been 7.2 per cent had it included in calculations people who wanted a job but did not look for one, falling to pre-pandemic levels for the first time.

Driving the job gains in March were 24,500 women over age 55 finding work, and 35,300 core-aged men between 25 and 54 taking jobs, primarily part-time.

Provincially, the agency says gains were concentrated in Ontario and Quebec.

CIBC senior economist Andrew Grantham says there may be room for the unemployment rate to fall a little further, given areas of the country like oil-producing provinces were not at full employment before the pandemic struck.

Since hitting a peak of 1.5 million in April 2020 at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of people wanting work but not actively looking has fallen to 377,000, similar in size and proportion to the overall labour force witnessed in the month of March in each of the three years before 2020.

Statistics Canada says the reasons they weren’t looking for work varied.

Just over one-quarter didn’t look because of an illness or disability. A further one-fifth were part of a group waiting for a recall or reply from an employer, or who didn’t think there was anything available.

Nearly an additional fifth pointed to personal and family responsibilities as the reason they paused their job search.

The agency says employers will have to tap into this group amid widespread labour shortages, though their ranks are falling.

The tightening of the labour market also meant average hourly wages were up to 3.4 per cent year-over-year in March, up from 3.1 per cent in February.

Here’s a quick look at Canada’s March employment (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • Unemployment rate: 5.3 per cent (5.5)
  • Employment rate: 61.9 per cent (61.8)
  • Participation rate: 65.4 per cent (65.4)
  • Number unemployed: 1,100,200 (1,135,500)
  • Number working: 19,585,200 (19,512,700)
  • Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 9.8 per cent (10.9)
  • Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 4.4 per cent (4.7)
  • Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 4.8 per cent (4.5)

Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • Newfoundland and Labrador 12.9 per cent (12.3)
  • Prince Edward Island 8.1 per cent (9.0)
  • Nova Scotia 6.5 per cent (6.6)
  • New Brunswick 7.7 per cent (7.9)
  • Quebec 4.1 per cent (4.5)
  • Ontario 5.3 per cent (5.5)
  • Manitoba 5.3 per cent (4.8)
  • Saskatchewan 5.0 per cent (4.7)
  • Alberta 6.5 per cent (6.8)
  • British Columbia 5.1 per cent (4.9)

Statistics Canada also released seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for major cities. It cautions, however, that the figures may fluctuate widely because they are based on small statistical samples. Here are the jobless rates last month by city (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • St. John’s, N.L. 7.4 per cent (7.3)
  • Halifax 5.4 per cent (5.7)
  • Moncton, N.B. 5.7 per cent (6.1)
  • Saint John, N.B. 7.4 per cent (7.3)
  • Saguenay, Que. 4.5 per cent (4.4)
  • Quebec City 2.7 per cent (2.8)
  • Sherbrooke, Que. 2.6 per cent (2.8)
  • Trois-Rivieres, Que. 3.9 per cent (5.0)
  • Montreal 5.1 per cent (5.2)
  • Gatineau, Que. 3.8 per cent (4.6)
  • Ottawa 5.3 per cent (5.0)
  • Kingston, Ont. 5.9 per cent (5.7)
  • Peterborough, Ont. 3.8 per cent (5.9)
  • Oshawa, Ont. 5.4 per cent (6.4)
  • Toronto 7.2 per cent (7.4)
  • Hamilton, Ont. 5.3 per cent (5.2)
  • St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 6.2 per cent (6.3)
  • Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 5.4 per cent (5.2)
  • Brantford, Ont. 5.1 per cent (5.5)
  • Guelph, Ont. 4.8 per cent (4.3)
  • London, Ont. 5.3 per cent (5.8)
  • Windsor, Ont. 8.3 per cent (8.3)
  • Barrie, Ont. 7.6 per cent (7.7)
  • Greater Sudbury, Ont. 4.0 per cent (4.3)
  • Thunder Bay, Ont. 4.9 per cent (5.9)
  • Winnipeg 5.1 per cent (4.9)
  • Regina 5.2 per cent (5.4)
  • Saskatoon 4.6 per cent (4.8)
  • Calgary 7.7 per cent (8.0)
  • Edmonton 7.1 per cent (6.9)
  • Kelowna, B.C. 6.7 per cent (7.1)
  • Abbotsford-Mission, B.C. 3.9 per cent (4.2)
  • Vancouver 5.4 per cent (5.4)
  • Victoria 4.1 per cent (4.2)

This report by The Canadian Press was first published April 8, 2022.

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